Year & Volume - Issue: 
Hebert K, McKinnie J
Article type: 
As cardiovascular disease prevalence continues to decrease in the United States as does cardiovascular surgical procedures, the aging of the population brings an increase in the prevalence of heart failure and atrial fibrillation. A new hybrid procedure for the treatment of atrial fibrillation shows great promise. More randomized clinical trials are needed.
Cite as: 
Hebert K, McKinnie J. Diffusion of Innovation and the Survival of Cardiovascular Surgeons: the Impact of Atrial Fibrillation Procedures. Annals of arrhythmology 2014; 1: 0104
  1. http://www.hhs.gov/healthcare/rights/
  2. Chugh SS, Blackshear JL, Shen WK et al. Epidemiology and natural history of atrial fibrillation: clinical implications. J Am Coll Cardiol 2001; 37:371-8. PMID:11216949, DOI:10.1016/S0735-1097(00)01107-4.
  3. Chugh SS, Havmoeller R, Narayanan K et al. Worldwide epidemiology of atrial fibrillation: a Global Burden of Disease 2010 Study. Circulation 2014; 129: 837-47. PMID:24345399, DOI:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.113.005119.
  4. Majeed A, Moser K, Carroll K. Trends in the prevalence and management of atrial fibrillation in general practice in England and Wales, 1994-1998: analysis of data from the general practice research database. Heart 2001; 86: 284-8. PMID:11514479, DOI:10.1136/heart.86.3.284.
  5. Feinberg WM, Blackshear JL, Laupacis A et al. Prevalence, age distribution, and gender of patients with atrial fibrillation. Analysis and implications. Arch Intern Med 1995; 155: 469-73. PMID:7864703, DOI:10.1001/archinte.1995.00430050045005.
  6. http://www.alivecor.com/home
  7. Tayal AH, Tian M, Kelly KM, et al. Atrial fibrillation detected by mobile cardiac outpatient telemetry in cryptogenic TIA or stroke. Neurology 2008; 71: 1696-701. PMID:18815386.
  8. Kiselev AR, Gridnev VI, Shvartz VA et al. Active ambulatory care management supported by short message services and mobile phone technology in patients with arterial hypertension. J Am Soc Hypertens 2012; 6(5): 346-55. PMID:22995803, DOI:10.1016/j.jash.2012.08.001.
  9. Blackshear JL, Safford RE; AFFIRM trial; RACE trial. AFFIRM and RACE trials: implications for the management of atrial fibrillation.Card Electrophysiol Rev. 2003; 7(4): 366-9. PMID:15071255.
  10. Cox JL, Boineau JP, Schessler RB et al. Electrophysiologic basis, surgical development, and clinical results of the maze procedure for atrial flutter and atrial fibrillation. Adv Card Surg 1995; 6:1-67. PMID:7894763.
  11. Wann LS, Curtis AB, January CT et al. 2011 ACCF/AHA/HRS focused update on the management of patients with atrial fibrillation (Updating the 2006 Guideline): a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines. J Am Coll Cardiol 2011; 57: 223-42. PMID:21177058, DOI:10.1016/j.jacc. 2010.10.001.
  12. http://www.ncontact.us/
  13. http://www.ejgh.org/
  14. http://www.medtronicdiagnostics.com/us/cardiac-monitors/reveal-linq/cardiac-monitor-procedure/index
  15. Patel NJ, Deshmukh A, Pant S et al. Contemporary trends of hospitalization for atrial fibrillation in the United States, 2000 through 2010: implications for healthcare planning. Circulation 2014; 129: 2371-9. PMID:24842943, DOI:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.114.008201.
  16. Healey JS, Connolly SJ, Gold MR et al. Subclinical atrial fibrillation and the risk of stroke. N Engl J Med 2012; 366: 120-9. PMID:22236222, DOI:10.1056/NEJMoa1105575.
  17. Go AS, Hylek EM, Phillips KA et al. Prevalence of diagnosed atrial fibrillation in adults: national implications for rhythm management and stroke prevention: the AnTicoagulation and Risk Factors in Atrial Fibrillation (ATRIA) Study. JAMA 2001; 285: 2370-5. PMID:11343485, DOI:10.1001/jama.285.18.2370.
  18. Naccarelli GV, Varker H, Lin J, Schulman KL. Increasing prevalence of atrial fibrillation and flutter in the United States. Am J Cardiol 2009; 104: 1534-9. PMID:19932788, DOI:10.1016/j.amjcard.2009.07.022.
About the Authors: 

Hebert Kathy – MD, MMM, MPH, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami Florida, USA;
McKinnie James – MD, MMM, East Jefferson Hospital, Metairie, Louisiana, USA.